Court Decisions after Strickland v. Washington: The Evolution of Ineffective Assistance of Counsel Requirements in Federal and State Courts
The landmark case of Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) established the right to assistance of counsel for all indigent defendants. However, it did not guarantee a right to effective assistance of counsel. An attorney must be more than a warm body standing next to a defendant. Strickland v. Washington (1984) established that not only do defendants have a right to assistance of counsel, but they must also have effective assistance. The Strickland decision established a two-part requirement in order for a defendant or petitioner to show ineffective assistance. After Strickland, the federal government ...
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