Personality and association patterns among individuals : two metrics for analyzing the innovation and spread of novel traits in a captive group of common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris)
Knowledge of which individuals are capable of innovative problem solving and how novel traits spread within a group of animals has many implications for understanding how individuals acquire new traits. I analyzed video footage of four captive groups of common starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) exposed to two novel situations. These experiments allowed me to investigate two questions pertaining to personality and problem-solving ability in each group. First, are there differences in personality traits among starlings, such as in boldness, or is there homogeneity in personality traits in the groups? ...
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