Modeling gas flows in longwall coal mines using computational fluid dynamics
Longwall coal mines have been a major and growing source of coal production in the United States for decades. The geological and geochemical nature of coal seams means that methane is frequently present in the coal and surrounding strata of longwall mines. The human coal miners require oxygen to work in these environments, so complex ventilation systems are developed to deliver fresh air to the underground mine. An additional goal of the ventilation system is to prevent explosive mixtures of methane and oxygen from forming in the mine, including within the gob. A computational fluid dynamics ...