Hidden Markov approach for screenout detection in unconventional reservoirs, A
Hydraulic fracturing has gained its popularity all over the world as more tight geologic formations are developed economically for hydrocarbon resources. While exploring for new unconventional resources such as shale plays, horizontal drilling and multi-stage hydraulic fracturing are required to stimulate the geologic units to increase well production. However, due to the stages' operating complexity, different kinds of disruptions in fracturing operations may occur and even result in great economic loss. Screenout is one of the issues caused by the blockage of proppant inside the fractures. In ...
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