Development of CRISPR/Cas9 in Nannochloropsis and other algae toward understanding and manipulating energy allocation
Nannochloropsis is a genus of eukaryotic microalgae that grows well in outdoor bioreactors and produces high yields of triacylglycerols (TAGs), which can be processed into biodiesel. In this work, we chemically characterize the storage carbohydrate of Nannochloropsis for the first time, and interrupt enzymes required for its biosynthesis to (1) understand their function and (2) interrogate whether this unused biomass component can be eliminated without significant impact on viability. To generate targeted gene knockouts, we developed CRISPR/Cas9 methods for Nannochloropsis and first interrupted ...
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