Effects of wideband complex electromagnetic properties of soils on geophysical sensor performance, The
Common near-surface geophysical methods such as time domain electromagnetic induction (TDEM) metal detectors and ground penetrating radar (GPR) suffer performance degradation as a function of site specific complex electromagnetic soil properties (permittivity, permeability and conductivity). Knowledge of these soil properties from the kHz to the GHz frequency range can be used to predict and improve sensor performance. A prototype permittivity probe was used to measure the complex permittivity and conductivity of the soil and calculate the GPR velocity and attenuation of the from the in-situ ...
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