Salt-influenced normal faulting related to salt-dissolution and extensional tectonics : 3D seismic analysis and 2D numerical modeling of the Salt Valley salt wall, Utah and Danish Central Graben, North Sea
The northeastern Paradox basin is characterized by a series of salt cored anticlines (salt walls) trending NW-SE. The crestal areas of the salt cored anticlines are breached and cut by faults, forming downthrown valleys, created by the subsidence of the crestal overburden. There has been a prolonged debate on the causative mechanism of subsidence of the anticline crests. Some researchers, based on field observations favor salt-dissolution of the salt forming the core of the anticlines as the main mechanism for the crestal subsidence. Others based on physical modeling favor extensional tectonics ...