The Arkansas Valley Smelting Company was formed in 1882 by a group of mining and smelting industrialists. The Company's smelter became the largest smelter in Leadville and was known as the Arkansas Valley smelter or “AV works.” By the 1890s the AV smelter, now a subsidiary of the Consolidated Kansas City Smelting and Refining Company, was upgraded and enlarged but facing strong competition from smelters on the plains. The American Smelting and Refining Company (ASARCO) was formed in 1899 by a syndicate of the major US smelting companies. The Company consolidated its Leadville operations at the ...
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