Neonatal cardiovascular, respiratory, and thermal transition in the first four hours after water birth compared to water labor and no immersion
Water birth is an increasingly popular option for women in the United States. However, water birth remains controversial in the obstetric and neonatal medical communities and concerns for the safety of neonates after water birth have been cited for reasons behind policy statements that recommend limiting this method of birth. The American College of Nurse-Midwives and international organizations support water birth, which adds confusion to the debate. A retrospective chart review study was performed. Women who met criteria for water birth (n = 888) and birthed at the University of Colorado ...
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