Now showing items 1-10 of 40
Amino acid transmitters and the neural control of feeding and energy homeostasis
Contributor:Dicken, Matthew S.
Consuming the correct number of calories to maintain a healthy bodyweight is a delicate balancing act between intake and energy expenditure, and humans in modern society seem to have a keen knack for throwing the balance ...
Manipulation and characterization of proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons in the hypothalamic regulation of energy balance
Contributor:Dennison, Christina Suzanne
It is well documented that hypothalamic proopiomelanocortin (POMC) neurons are a critical component in the maintenance of energy balance. POMC neurons release peptide transmitters that modulate pathways involved in food ...
Regulation of local L-type calcium channel signaling in anterior pituitary gonadotropes
Contributor:Dang, An Khanh
The binding of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) to its receptor initiates signaling cascades in gonadotropes which result in enhanced luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) biosynthesis and ...
FADS2 expression modulates effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acids on western diet-induced glucose intolerance
Fatty Acid Desaturase 2 (FADS2) haplotypes associated with hyperactivity of its gene product, delta-6-desaturase (D6D), are associated with obesity and type-2 diabetes in humans. D6D regulates long-chain polyunsaturated ...
Selection for fertility in lactating dairy cows : implications of conceptus-derived signals
Contributor:Liebig, Bethany Ellen
Infertility is a source of major economic loss in the dairy industry. Selection for fertility in dairy cows is difficult because fertility traits based on a genetic evaluation, such as daughter pregnancy rate (DPR), are ...
Oncofetal proteins regulate proliferation and differentiation in placental cells
Contributor:West, Rachel Claire
The chromatin associated transcription factor HMGA2 is a downstream target of let-7 miRNAs and binds to chromatin to regulate gene expression, inducing rapid cell proliferation during embryogenesis. Inhibition of let-7 ...
Characterization of equine sperm attributes and selection for intracytoplasmic sperm injection
Contributor:Gonzalez-Castro, Raul A.
When performing intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI), many in vivo mechanisms for sperm selection are bypassed; however, sperm must still be capable of activating the oocyte for successful fertilization. Limited information ...
Synaptotagmin in asynchronous neurotransmitter release and synaptic disease
Contributor:Shields, Mallory Catherine
The majority of cell-to-cell communication relies on the stimulated release of neurotransmitter. Two forms of Ca2+-dependent stimulated release, synchronous and asynchronous, have been identified. Synchronous release is ...
Retinal ganglion cell distribution and visual acuity in alpacas (Vicugna pacos)
Vision reflects the visual demand for environmental adaptation of an animal and also implies the biological niche of a species. Retinal specializations, such as visual streaks, areae centrales and foveae, have been found ...
Role of proline rich 15 in trophoblast cell development, The
Contributor:Gates, Katherine C.
Maintenance of pregnancy in eutherian mammals requires a sophisticated and tightly regulated program of gene expression in order to develop a fully functional placenta. This transient organ mediates nutrient and gas exchange ...