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Mountain Scholar

Mountain Scholar is an open access repository service that collects, preserves, and provides access to digitized library collections and other scholarly and creative works from Colorado State University and the University Press of Colorado. It also serves as a dark archive for the Open Textbook Library.


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  • Explore the Colorado State University community’s scholarly output as well as items from the University at large and the CSU Libraries.
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Recent Submissions

ItemOpen Access
Investigation of enhanced-reflectivity features embedded within a wintertime orographic cloud on 28-29 November 1984
(Colorado State University. Libraries, 1994) Baker, Ian T., author; Grant, Lewis O., advisor; Mielke, Paul W., committee member; Cotton, William R., committee member
A combination of aircraft, sounding, surface, vertically-pointing ku-Band radar and dual-channel radiometer data was used to investigate the microphysical characteristics of enhanced-reflectivity areas embedded within an orographic cloud in northwestern Colorado on 28-29 November 1984. The orographic cloud was associated with the passage of an open wave and upper-level front over the region, and embedded within the cloud were regularly-spaced areas of increased reflectivity as seen by the vertically-pointing radar. The radiometer observed a cyclical component on both the liquid and vapor channels when oriented in the vertical. Aircraft data reveal that there was supercooled liquid water in the cloud at levels as high as 41 kPa and as far as 55 km upwind of the barrier. 2D-C and 2D-P probe data indicated two crystal regimes, one where concentrations in individual size bins were larger and spectra were broader, indicating crystal growth. In the other, concentrations were smaller and size spectra were narrower. Radar data indicate that the enhanced-reflectivity regions were between 10-20 km apart, with a length dimension on the order of 5 km wide. It is believed that the presence of the enhanced-reflectivity areas is closely linked to the presence of a decoupled layer on the windward side of the barrier, and preliminary evidence points to a gravity-wave mechanism as a physical cause.
ItemOpen Access
College avenue, winter 2024
(Colorado State University. Libraries, 2024) College Avenue, publisher
ItemOpen Access
College avenue, summer 2024
(Colorado State University. Libraries, 2024) College Avenue, publisher
ItemOpen Access
Thomas Sutherland: Valentines to a Captive
(Colorado State University. Libraries, 2023-02) Colorado State University. Archives and Special Collections, author; Farley, Theresa, contributor; Morris, Miranda, artist; Trapp, Clarissa J., contributor
Pardon blooming
(Colorado State University. Libraries, 1983) Hayden, M. D., author; Ude, Wayne, advisor; Tremblay, Bill, committee member; Mitchell, Carol, committee member; McMurray, George R., committee member
A toad, a butterfly, a human being, a philodendron, all need sustenance, need air; all grow and change. Clamp a bottle over a living creature and it suffocates, its movement restricted, its possibilities limited. For an individual, rigidity becomes a glass bottle, and those who struggle to escape the bottle must experience something painful in the process. Glass bottle. Rigidity of society and tradition. For some, rigidity comes from their own acceptance of society's rules or tradition's importance. A creature raised in the confines of a glass bottle is uncomfortable with sudden freedom, as uncomfortable, perhaps as a free creature confined. For others, rigidity is imposed from the outside. These rigid boundaries of society and tradition may not be apparent until they conflict with the individual's inner needs for growth, but when they do conflict, the individual must find air to breathe. Some escape the glass bottle; most don't. Glass bottle. Rigidity of linear time. Although the concept of time as linear is arbitrary in Western thought (some American Indian tribes do not have such a concept), most of us assume our past happened to us in the time line before now. If we remain always the same person, the past, the memories happen continually. But if we have grown and changed, we are not the same person as the child of ten, the adolescent of fifteen, the young adult of twenty. The memories we hold happened to a different person because we are always becoming someone else. Linear time does not allow this idea, but circular time, or even spherical time, does. Glass bottle. Rigidity of gender. Separation of the sexes by innate differences or by imposed societal roles creates a rigid boundary that obscures the commonality of human experience, that denies the similarity of emotion and need in men and women. The first thing that strikes the careless observer is that women are unlike men. They are 'the opposite sex'--(Though why 'opposite' I do not know; what is the 'neighboring sex'?) But the fundamental thing is that women are more like men than anything else in the world. 1 Glass bottle. Rigidity of language. The boundaries of our language define the boundaries of our world. Those things we cannot perceive, we cannot say, and vice versa. The stories in this collection seek to express what our language has no way of saying, to escape a rigid structure, voice or time, to break glass bottles.