Assessing Competition with the Panzar-Rosse Model: The Role of Scale, Costs, and Equilibrium
The Panzar-Rosse test has been widely applied to assess competitive conduct, often in specifications controlling for firm scale or using a price equation. We show that neither a price equation nor a scaled revenue function yields a valid measure for competitive conduct. Moreover, even an unscaled revenue function generally requires additional information about costs and market equilibrium to infer the degree of competition. Our theoretical findings are confirmed by an empirical analysis of competition in banking, using a sample containing more than 100,000 bank-year observations on more than ...
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