Sporadic Low-Velocity Layer Atop the Western Us Mantle Transition Zone and Short-Wavelength Variations in Transition Zone Discontinuities, A
Teleseismic receiver function analysis of data from six dense arrays in the western U. S. is used to investigate mantle transition zone (MTZ) discontinuities and the prevalence of a low-velocity layer atop the 410 km discontinuity (410-LVL). Negative polarity Ps arrivals indicative of a low-velocity layer with a top 25-60 km above the 410 are identified in 8-11 out of 18 stacks of receiver functions from highly sampled back azimuth corridors. The 410-LVL is interpreted as partial melt resulting from upwelling of hydrated mantle across a water solubility contrast at the 410. The 669 km mean depth ...
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