Metabolic engineering and systems biology for increasing biofuel production in microalgae
The saccharification of starch coupled with fermentation to ethanol and the transesterification of vegetable oils to produce biodiesel are mature technologies that currently provide the majority of biofuels in the United States. However, traditional food-based starch and oil feedstocks, such as corn and soybean, cannot meet our current fuel demands and their use remains controversial. Microalgae have been of recent interest for use as a biofuel feedstock because they can produce large quantities of carbohydrates and lipids, contain little recalcitrant biomass, and do not impact the food supply. ...
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