Hydrate film growth and risk management in oil/gas pipelines using experiments, simulations, and machine learning
The formation of gas hydrates in oil and gas flowlines is considered a major flow assurance (FA) issue due to hydrate blockage forming within minutes to hours. Traditionally, hydrate formation was prevented in oil and gas flowlines via the injection of Thermodynamic Hydrate Inhibitors (THIs), such as methanol or mono-ethylene glycol (MEG). THIs operate by shifting the hydrate phase equilibrium to higher pressure and lower temperature. However, this method can become uneconomic as large quantities of THIs (40 vol.%, with respect to the produced water) are often required. More recently, there has ...
(For more, see "View full record.")