Application and integration of ruthenium catalysts for water treatment and resource recovery
Water contaminants in oxidized form can be preferably removed or transformed to less harmful species by chemical or biological reduction. Hydrogenation metal-catalyzed reduction has emerged as a promising treatment technology for oxidized pollutants (e.g., oxyanions, halo- and nitro-organics). To date, Pd-based catalysts have received significant attention and demonstrate good activity and stability in reducing a number of contaminants relevant to drinking water or groundwater, but the deployment of catalytic reduction systems remains limited, in large part, by the high cost and volatile market ...
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