Improved Equivalent-Circuit Models of Lithium-Ion-Iron-Phosphate Cells
Abstract Lithium-ion batteries allow energy storage with high power and energy density and are widely used for many energy-storage applications. Electric vehicles are one of the most common uses of lithium-ion battery packs and require hundreds or thousands of individual battery cells in a battery pack to power a full-size car. The battery pack requires monitoring by a battery management system (BMS) to guarantee operational safety and optimal usage so the batteries remain healthy as long as possible and must address concerns such as safety and high power demands. To achieve these goals, it is ...
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