Development and psychometric properties of the Police Exposure and Impact Scale
Police use of force is a problem that in recent years has come back into public spotlight. The Department of Justice estimates that non-fatal police use of force incidents affect more than 700,000 people annually and disproportionately targets people of color, placing them at higher risk for repeated exposure and injury. However, little is known about the psychological outcomes of experiencing police use of force. Whereas some research has explored emotional and behavioral consequences surrounding direct exposure to police use of force, much of the literature has used qualitative methodology ...
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