Expanding transformational leadership theory in nursing: examining the social processes used by transformational leaders
Executive level leaders in a hospital or health system focus strategic initiatives on patient health and well-being. Chief nursing officers (CNO’s) in a hospital or health care organization play a critical role in ensuring safe work environments. In 2004, The Institute of Medicine addressed a need for the application of transformational leadership into nursing work environments to promote patient safety (Institute of Medicine, 2004). While the core of transformational leadership is universal, what exactly transformational leaders do in terms of strategies and actions remains unclear. ...
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