Home range, site fidelity, reproductive ecology, and den site characteristics of the San Clemente Island fox
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Since 2004, the endangered status of 4 island fox (Urocyon littoralis) subspecies has prompted increased efforts to understand and manage island foxes on all 6 islands where they occur. High rates of vehicle-related mortalities and potential for exposure to pathogens are of particular concern on San Clemente Island, California. Basic spatial ecology of the San Clemente Island fox (U. l. clementae) is needed for effective management but is currently inferred from home range studies on other island fox populations. Additionally, little is known about reproduction and denning of this subspecies, ...