Binding of MBNL1 to CUG repeats slows 5'-to-3' RNA decay by XRN2 in a cell culture model of type I myotonic dystrophy
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Type I myotonic dystrophy (DM1) is a multi-systemic inherited disease caused by expanded CTG repeats within the 3' UTR of the dystrophia myotonica protein kinase (DMPK) gene. The encoded CUG repeat-containing mRNAs are toxic to the cell and accumulate in nuclear foci, where they sequester cellular RNA-binding proteins such as the splicing factor Muscleblind-1 (MBNL1). This leads to widespread changes in gene expression. Currently, there is no treatment or cure for this disease. Targeting CUG repeat-containing mRNAs for degradation is a promising therapeutic avenue for myotonic dystrophy, but we ...