Vulnerability of cold-water and cool-water fishes to climate change within an anthropogenic context using boosted regression trees, decision scaling, and ecosystem services
Across the globe, environmental changes are occurring in ways that are profoundly important for freshwater ecosystems with implications for the occurrence of species. Typically, ecologists have sought to understand the distribution of freshwater species using natural environmental gradients. However, because rivers and streams embody a wide range of conditions due to human activity, adequately characterizing modern day drivers of species occurrence requires assessing both natural and anthropogenic influences within the context of global change. In recent decades, growing concerns over climate ...