Amino acid transmitters and the neural control of feeding and energy homeostasis
Consuming the correct number of calories to maintain a healthy bodyweight is a delicate balancing act between intake and energy expenditure, and humans in modern society seem to have a keen knack for throwing the balance off-center. In the U.S. alone, more than 1/3 of adults are obese based on the body mass index scale, and $147 billion is the estimated annual medical cost for obesity in the United States. On the other end of the feeding spectrum, anorexia in the U.S. has been steadily rising since the 1960s, and has the highest mortality rate of any mental illness. While great strides have been ...