Item content versus contextual strengthening following retrieval
Despite a substantial literature describing the memory benefit resulting from testing (i.e., memory retrieval), relatively few investigations have attempted to detail how retrieval acts as a memory modifier. One core issue concerns the extent to which testing and studying effect fundamentally similar or different processes or components of memories. The present paper introduces two computational models, both based in REM theory (Shiffrin & Steyvers, 1997) and designed to provide a plausible basis for describing the testing effect at a more mechanistic level than existing theories. The two ...
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